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Module 3 Unit 2 Language
来源:教科室、高三 作者:申辉辉 日期:2012年12月08日 访问次数:

Module 3 Unit 2 Language

单元自测

一、单项填空(共10小题,每小题1分,计10分)

1.  A: How often do you eat out?
B: ________, but usually once a week.
A. Have no idea                                          B. It depends
C. As usual                                                 D. Generally speaking

2.      A: Nancy is not coming tonight.
B: But she ________!
A. promises                 B. promised              C. will promise        D. had promised

3.      It is surprising that ________ Russian can not speak ________ Russian language.
A.
不填; a                  B. a; the                   C. the; 不填           D. a; a

4.      The story of the group traveling in the desert was ________ we had never heard before.

A. that                       B. it                          C. one                     D. the one

5.      There are ten workers there, seven men workers ________.

A. including                B. included               C. containing           D. contained

6.      The water of the river ________ by two feet last night.

A. raised                    B. was raised            C. rose                    D. was risen

7.      The service industry ________ two thirds of the income of the country.

A. is made of                                               B. is made up of
C. makes of                                                 D. makes up

8.      Through their hard work, people of Atlanta finally ________ their fear and doubt caused by the war ________ hope and faith.

A. replaced; with                                          B. replaced; for
C. overcame; with                                        D. overcame; for

9.      Mary smiled _________ her mother did when she was her age.

A. what                       B. that                       C. the way                D. as though

10.  A: ________ did you like his speech?

B: Not bad, but I did not agree with ________ he said.

A. What; that                                               B. How; everything

C. Why; what                                              D. How; anything

二、完形填空(共20小题,每小题1分,计20分)

The eyes are one of the most expressive instruments(工具)of body language. Keith, seventeen, from Montclair New Jersey, learned the hard way about one (1) the eyes can make. “I had a __ (2)_ who graded(打分)heavily on classroom discussion,” Keith says. “He __ (3)__ to have a strong ability to know just when I didn’t have the __ (4)_. I couldn’t imagine how he could be so sharp. Then I understood. __ (5)__ I didn’t know the answer, I would avoid looking at him. When I did know what to __ (6)_, I always stared straight back __ (7)__ him. From that moment on, I __ (8)__ myself to look him in the eyes, __ (9)__ I knew the work or not. That trick has __ (10)__ me a lot of trouble.

Many people, including some policemen, believe eye contact(接触)is a good __ (11)__ of honesty. If someone can’t look at you directly in the eye, then he or she is not playing __ (12)__. After many experiments, __ (13)__, a number of experts have found out that good liars(说谎者)can make false eye contact.

Eye contact, though not a sure sign of honesty, is a clear way to __ (14)__ interest in another person. When a person looks at you and __ (15)__ to do so, you know his __ (16)__ is placed on you. When he __ (17)__ his head away, his mind is probably elsewhere.__ (18)__ there are exceptions. A __ (19)__ person may have trouble making and keeping eye contact, no matter how interested he is in the other person. And certain __ (20)__, such as the British and Germans, are much less oriented to(有意向)eyeball-to-eyeball contact than, say, the French and Arabs.

1.  A. letter                       B. notice                    C. message             D. news

2.      A. student                     B. headmaster           C. friend                   D. teacher

3.      A. seemed                    B. appeared              C. happened             D. took

4.      A. question                   B. problem                C. excuse                 D. answer

5.      A. Whatever                 B. Whenever             C. However             D. Wherever

6.      A. think                         B. say                        C. imagine                D. read

7.      A. from                         B. to                          C. for                       D. at

8.      A. helped                      B. forced                   C. taught                  D. advised

9.      A. when                        B. whether                 C. if                          D. as

10.  A. caused                     B. saved                    C. spent                   D. made

11.  A. lesson                       B. way                      C. chance                 D. test

12.  A. honestly                    B. quickly                  C. correctly              D. really

13.  A. therefore                  B. however                C. so                        D. still

14.  A. increase                    B. express                 C. find                      D. show

15.  A. stops                        B. continues               C. changes               D. hopes

16.  A. attention                   B. spirit                     C. strength                D. energy

17.  A. gets                          B. turns                     C. parts                    B. bows

18.  A. And                          B. Or                        C. But                      D. So

19.  A. brave                       B. shy                        C. stupid                  D. proud

20.  A. nationalities               B. cities                     C. countries              D. languages

三、阅读理解(共10小题,每小题2分,计20分)

A

Perhaps the most famous theory(理论), the study of body movement, was suggested by Professor Ray Birdwhistell. He believes that physical appearance is often culturally programmed. In other words, we learn our looks—we are not born with them. A baby has generally informed face features. A baby, according to Birdwhistell, learns where to set the eyebrows by looking at those around—family and friends. This helps explain why the people of some areas of the United States look so much alike, new Englanders or Southerners have certain common face features that cannot be explained by genetics(遗传学). The exact shape of the mouth is not set at birth, it is learned after. In fact, the final mouth shape is not formed until well after new teeth are set. For many, this can be well into grown-ups. A husband and wife together for a long time often come to look somewhat alike. We learn our looks from those around us. This is perhaps why in a single country area where people smile more than those in other areas. In the United States, for example, the South is the part of the country where the people smile most frequently. In New England they smile less, and in the western part of New York States still less. Many southerners find cities such as New York cold and unfriendly, partly because people on Madison Avenue smile less than people on Peachtree Street in Atlanta, Georgia. People in largely populated areas also smile and greet each other in public less than people in small towns do.

1. Ray Birdwhistell believes that physical appearance ________.
A. has little to do with culture
B. has much to do with culture
C. is ever changing
D. is different from place to place

2. According to the passage, the final mouth shape is formed ________.
A. before birth                                                 B. as soon as one’s teeth are newly set
C. sometime after new teeth are set                  D. around 15 years old

3. Ray Birdwhistell can tell what area of the United States a person is from by ________.
A. how much he or she laughs
B. how he or she raises his or her eyebrows
C. what he or she likes best
D. the way he or she talks

B

Every people uses its special words to describe things and express ideas. Some of these expressions are commonly used for many years. Others are popular for just a short time. One such American expression is “Where’s the beef?” It is used when something is not as good as it is said to be. In the early 1980s “Where’s the beef?” was one of the most popular expressions in the United States. It seemed as if everyone was using it at the time.

Beef, of course, is the meat from a cow and probably no food is more popular in America than a hamburger made from beef. In the 1960s a businessman named Ray Kroc began building small restaurants that sold hamburgers at a low price. Kroc called his restaurants McDonald’s. Kroc cooked hamburgers quickly so people in a hurry could buy and eat them without waiting. By the end of the 1960s the McDonald’s Company was selling hamburgers in hundreds of restaurants from California to Maine. Not surprisingly, Ray Kroc became one of the richest businessmen in America.

Other business people watched his success. Some of them opened their own hamburger restaurants. One company, called Wendy’s, began to compete with McDonald’s or anyone else. The Wendy’s Company created the expression “Where’s the beef?” to make people believe that Wendy’s hamburgers were the biggest. It produced a television advertisement to sell this idea. The Wendy’s television advertisement showed three old women eating hamburgers. The bread that covered the meat was very big, but inside there was only a tiny(极小的) bit of meat. One of the women said she would not eat a hamburger with such a little piece of beef. “Where’s the beef?” she shouted in a funny voice. These advertisements for Wendy’s hamburger restaurants were a success from the first day they appeared on television. As we said, it seemed everyone began using the expression “Where’s the beef?”

1. The expression “Where’s the beef?” means _______.
A. the beef is lost                                             B. something is not as good as described
C. the beef is not as good as it is said to be       D. the food has gone bad

2. Wendy’s made the expression known to everyone by _______.
A. a newspaper                                                B. writing letters to people
C. a notice in front of the restaurant                  D. a TV advertisement

3. Other people wanted to open hamburger restaurants because _______.
A. hamburgers are nice to eat
B. they could sell hamburgers from California to Maine
C. hamburgers are easy to make
D. they thought they could make a lot of money

C

It is true that a smile means the same thing in any language. So does laughter or crying. There are also a number of clear similarities(相似之处)in the way different animals show the same feeling. Dogs and tigers, for example, often show their teeth when they are angry. This is probably because such behavior patterns are inherited(遗传的)rather than learned.

Fear is another emotion that is shown in much the same way all over the world. Whether in Chinese or in English, a sentence like “he went pale and began to tremble(发抖)” suggests that the man is either very afraid or has just had a very terrible shock. However, “he opened his eyes wide” is used to suggest anger in Chinese while in English it expresses surprise. In Chinese, surprise can be described in a phrase like “they put out their tongues”. Putting out your tongue in English is insulting(侮辱)or expresses disgust.

Even in the same culture, people differ in their ability to understand clearly and express feelings. Experiments in America have shown that women are usually better than men at recognizing fear, anger, love and happiness in people’s faces. Disgust, contempt(蔑视)and suffering seem to be the most difficult emotions for people everywhere either to recognize or to express. Other studies have shown that older people usually find it easier to recognize body language than younger people do. And psychologists(心理学家)such as E.G. Beier have also shown that some people often give the completely wrong impression of how they feel. For example, they try to show love but in fact communicate dislike. Or when they want to show interest, they give the impression that they don’t care. This can happen even among close friends and members of the same family. In other words, what we think we are communicating through language, voice, face and boy movements may be the exact opposite(相反)of what other people understand.

1. According to the passage, even in different cultures the most easily recognized emotion is ______.
  A. anger                          B. dislike                   C. happiness             D. surprise

2. Experiments show that easier understanding of words and gesture has something to do with your ______.
  A. age and sex                                                 B. love and cultural differences
  C. impressions about the speaker                     D. emotional state

3. When we communicate with people, ______.
A. we know exactly what they mean while they express their emotions
B. we sometimes misunderstand each other
C. we usually mislead them by expressing the opposite of our feeling
D. it seems much more difficult to understand body language than language

4. The underlined word “disgust” in Paragraph 2 probably means ______.
A. strong dislike              B. friendliness            C. love                     D. sickness

四、单词拼写(共10小题,每小题1分,计10分)

1.    T________ their marriage he had only once seen her cry.

2.    Both France and Germany are E________ countries.

3.    The instructions on the box are too c________ to understand.

4.    Having no children of their own, they decided to a________ an orphan (孤儿).

5.    The government encourages the d________ of small businesses.

6.    Their English ________ (发音) is not good, but it is improving.

7.    Bad planning will lead to ________ (困难) later.

8.    In England you must drive on the o________ side of the road to the rest of Europe.

9.    The film star was a(n) u________ actor a few years ago.

10. He said it would rain, but I d________ with him — I was sure it wouldn't rain.

五、句子转换(共20个空格,每小题0.5分,计10分)

1.    It is likely that he will come to your birthday party.
He is ________ ________ come to your birthday party.

2.    I think trying to stop the couple quarrelling will be of no use.
I think it’s ________ ________ ________ to stop the couple quarrelling.

3.    He has two daughters. One is a nurse and the other is a teacher.
Both of his daughters ________ ________ nurses.

4.    His good knowledge of computer enabled him to find a better job.
His good knowledge of computer made ________ possible for him to find a better job.

5.    It is not necessary for you to worry about your son’s safety.
________ is ________ ________ for you to worry about your son’s safety.

6.    He did not pass the exam because he was careless.
It is ________ ________ his ________ ________ he failed in the exam.

7.    Although he is poor in health, he went on with his research.
________ his poor health, he ________ his research.

8.    It seemed that those people were holding a meeting at that moment.
Those people ________ to ________ ________ a meeting at that moment.

六、完成句子(共20个空格,每小题0.5分,计10分)

1.    每一个单词都查肯定是浪费时间。
­________ ________ every word will certainly be a ________ of time.

2.    事物的发展由内因所决定。
The development of things ________ ________ internal causes.

3.    他们的知识和经验极大地推动了这项工作的进展。
Their knowledge and experience ________ greatly ________ the progress of the work.

4.    澳大利亚英语和美国英语在发音上不同。
The Australian English ________ ________ the American English ________ ________.

5.    1066年,诺蔓人征服了英格兰,并控制了这个国家。
In 1066, the Norman conquered England and ________ ________ of the country.

6.    犯这样错误的人不仅仅是瞎子。
________ ________ not only the blind ________ make such stupid mistakes.

7.    她因为起晚了误了第一班车。
It was ________ he got up late ________ he missed the first bus.

8.    他们似乎已经听说了这件事。
They seemed ________ ________ heard about it.

七、书面表达(计20分)

假如你是红星中学高一(1)班的学生。35是学雷锋日,你班组织了一次帮扶活动。请根据下面四幅图所提供的活动内容和过程写一篇英文短文,为你校校刊英语专栏投稿。短文词数不少于120

       提示词:senior citizens home养老院

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Module 3 Unit 2 Language

单元自测

一、单项填空(共10小题,每小题1分,计10分)

1.  A: How often do you eat out?
B: ________, but usually once a week.
A. Have no idea                                          B. It depends
C. As usual                                                 D. Generally speaking

2.      A: Nancy is not coming tonight.
B: But she ________!
A. promises                 B. promised              C. will promise        D. had promised

3.      It is surprising that ________ Russian can not speak ________ Russian language.
A.
不填; a                  B. a; the                   C. the; 不填           D. a; a

4.      The story of the group traveling in the desert was ________ we had never heard before.

A. that                       B. it                          C. one                     D. the one

5.      There are ten workers there, seven men workers ________.

A. including                B. included               C. containing           D. contained

6.      The water of the river ________ by two feet last night.

A. raised                    B. was raised            C. rose                    D. was risen

7.      The service industry ________ two thirds of the income of the country.

A. is made of                                               B. is made up of
C. makes of                                                 D. makes up

8.      Through their hard work, people of Atlanta finally ________ their fear and doubt caused by the war ________ hope and faith.

A. replaced; with                                          B. replaced; for
C. overcame; with                                        D. overcame; for

9.      Mary smiled _________ her mother did when she was her age.

A. what                       B. that                       C. the way                D. as though

10.  A: ________ did you like his speech?

B: Not bad, but I did not agree with ________ he said.

A. What; that                                               B. How; everything

C. Why; what                                              D. How; anything

二、完形填空(共20小题,每小题1分,计20分)

The eyes are one of the most expressive instruments(工具)of body language. Keith, seventeen, from Montclair New Jersey, learned the hard way about one (1) the eyes can make. “I had a __ (2)_ who graded(打分)heavily on classroom discussion,” Keith says. “He __ (3)__ to have a strong ability to know just when I didn’t have the __ (4)_. I couldn’t imagine how he could be so sharp. Then I understood. __ (5)__ I didn’t know the answer, I would avoid looking at him. When I did know what to __ (6)_, I always stared straight back __ (7)__ him. From that moment on, I __ (8)__ myself to look him in the eyes, __ (9)__ I knew the work or not. That trick has __ (10)__ me a lot of trouble.

Many people, including some policemen, believe eye contact(接触)is a good __ (11)__ of honesty. If someone can’t look at you directly in the eye, then he or she is not playing __ (12)__. After many experiments, __ (13)__, a number of experts have found out that good liars(说谎者)can make false eye contact.

Eye contact, though not a sure sign of honesty, is a clear way to __ (14)__ interest in another person. When a person looks at you and __ (15)__ to do so, you know his __ (16)__ is placed on you. When he __ (17)__ his head away, his mind is probably elsewhere.__ (18)__ there are exceptions. A __ (19)__ person may have trouble making and keeping eye contact, no matter how interested he is in the other person. And certain __ (20)__, such as the British and Germans, are much less oriented to(有意向)eyeball-to-eyeball contact than, say, the French and Arabs.

1.  A. letter                       B. notice                    C. message             D. news

2.      A. student                     B. headmaster           C. friend                   D. teacher

3.      A. seemed                    B. appeared              C. happened             D. took

4.      A. question                   B. problem                C. excuse                 D. answer

5.      A. Whatever                 B. Whenever             C. However             D. Wherever

6.      A. think                         B. say                        C. imagine                D. read

7.      A. from                         B. to                          C. for                       D. at

8.      A. helped                      B. forced                   C. taught                  D. advised

9.      A. when                        B. whether                 C. if                          D. as

10.  A. caused                     B. saved                    C. spent                   D. made

11.  A. lesson                       B. way                      C. chance                 D. test

12.  A. honestly                    B. quickly                  C. correctly              D. really

13.  A. therefore                  B. however                C. so                        D. still

14.  A. increase                    B. express                 C. find                      D. show

15.  A. stops                        B. continues               C. changes               D. hopes

16.  A. attention                   B. spirit                     C. strength                D. energy

17.  A. gets                          B. turns                     C. parts                    B. bows

18.  A. And                          B. Or                        C. But                      D. So

19.  A. brave                       B. shy                        C. stupid                  D. proud

20.  A. nationalities               B. cities                     C. countries              D. languages

三、阅读理解(共10小题,每小题2分,计20分)

A

Perhaps the most famous theory(理论), the study of body movement, was suggested by Professor Ray Birdwhistell. He believes that physical appearance is often culturally programmed. In other words, we learn our looks—we are not born with them. A baby has generally informed face features. A baby, according to Birdwhistell, learns where to set the eyebrows by looking at those around—family and friends. This helps explain why the people of some areas of the United States look so much alike, new Englanders or Southerners have certain common face features that cannot be explained by genetics(遗传学). The exact shape of the mouth is not set at birth, it is learned after. In fact, the final mouth shape is not formed until well after new teeth are set. For many, this can be well into grown-ups. A husband and wife together for a long time often come to look somewhat alike. We learn our looks from those around us. This is perhaps why in a single country area where people smile more than those in other areas. In the United States, for example, the South is the part of the country where the people smile most frequently. In New England they smile less, and in the western part of New York States still less. Many southerners find cities such as New York cold and unfriendly, partly because people on Madison Avenue smile less than people on Peachtree Street in Atlanta, Georgia. People in largely populated areas also smile and greet each other in public less than people in small towns do.

1. Ray Birdwhistell believes that physical appearance ________.
A. has little to do with culture
B. has much to do with culture
C. is ever changing
D. is different from place to place

2. According to the passage, the final mouth shape is formed ________.
A. before birth                                                 B. as soon as one’s teeth are newly set
C. sometime after new teeth are set                  D. around 15 years old

3. Ray Birdwhistell can tell what area of the United States a person is from by ________.
A. how much he or she laughs
B. how he or she raises his or her eyebrows
C. what he or she likes best
D. the way he or she talks

B

Every people uses its special words to describe things and express ideas. Some of these expressions are commonly used for many years. Others are popular for just a short time. One such American expression is “Where’s the beef?” It is used when something is not as good as it is said to be. In the early 1980s “Where’s the beef?” was one of the most popular expressions in the United States. It seemed as if everyone was using it at the time.

Beef, of course, is the meat from a cow and probably no food is more popular in America than a hamburger made from beef. In the 1960s a businessman named Ray Kroc began building small restaurants that sold hamburgers at a low price. Kroc called his restaurants McDonald’s. Kroc cooked hamburgers quickly so people in a hurry could buy and eat them without waiting. By the end of the 1960s the McDonald’s Company was selling hamburgers in hundreds of restaurants from California to Maine. Not surprisingly, Ray Kroc became one of the richest businessmen in America.

Other business people watched his success. Some of them opened their own hamburger restaurants. One company, called Wendy’s, began to compete with McDonald’s or anyone else. The Wendy’s Company created the expression “Where’s the beef?” to make people believe that Wendy’s hamburgers were the biggest. It produced a television advertisement to sell this idea. The Wendy’s television advertisement showed three old women eating hamburgers. The bread that covered the meat was very big, but inside there was only a tiny(极小的) bit of meat. One of the women said she would not eat a hamburger with such a little piece of beef. “Where’s the beef?” she shouted in a funny voice. These advertisements for Wendy’s hamburger restaurants were a success from the first day they appeared on television. As we said, it seemed everyone began using the expression “Where’s the beef?”

1. The expression “Where’s the beef?” means _______.
A. the beef is lost                                             B. something is not as good as described
C. the beef is not as good as it is said to be       D. the food has gone bad

2. Wendy’s made the expression known to everyone by _______.
A. a newspaper                                                B. writing letters to people
C. a notice in front of the restaurant                  D. a TV advertisement

3. Other people wanted to open hamburger restaurants because _______.
A. hamburgers are nice to eat
B. they could sell hamburgers from California to Maine
C. hamburgers are easy to make
D. they thought they could make a lot of money

C

It is true that a smile means the same thing in any language. So does laughter or crying. There are also a number of clear similarities(相似之处)in the way different animals show the same feeling. Dogs and tigers, for example, often show their teeth when they are angry. This is probably because such behavior patterns are inherited(遗传的)rather than learned.

Fear is another emotion that is shown in much the same way all over the world. Whether in Chinese or in English, a sentence like “he went pale and began to tremble(发抖)” suggests that the man is either very afraid or has just had a very terrible shock. However, “he opened his eyes wide” is used to suggest anger in Chinese while in English it expresses surprise. In Chinese, surprise can be described in a phrase like “they put out their tongues”. Putting out your tongue in English is insulting(侮辱)or expresses disgust.

Even in the same culture, people differ in their ability to understand clearly and express feelings. Experiments in America have shown that women are usually better than men at recognizing fear, anger, love and happiness in people’s faces. Disgust, contempt(蔑视)and suffering seem to be the most difficult emotions for people everywhere either to recognize or to express. Other studies have shown that older people usually find it easier to recognize body language than younger people do. And psychologists(心理学家)such as E.G. Beier have also shown that some people often give the completely wrong impression of how they feel. For example, they try to show love but in fact communicate dislike. Or when they want to show interest, they give the impression that they don’t care. This can happen even among close friends and members of the same family. In other words, what we think we are communicating through language, voice, face and boy movements may be the exact opposite(相反)of what other people understand.

1. According to the passage, even in different cultures the most easily recognized emotion is ______.
  A. anger                          B. dislike                   C. happiness             D. surprise

2. Experiments show that easier understanding of words and gesture has something to do with your ______.
  A. age and sex                                                 B. love and cultural differences
  C. impressions about the speaker                     D. emotional state

3. When we communicate with people, ______.
A. we know exactly what they mean while they express their emotions
B. we sometimes misunderstand each other
C. we usually mislead them by expressing the opposite of our feeling
D. it seems much more difficult to understand body language than language

4. The underlined word “disgust” in Paragraph 2 probably means ______.
A. strong dislike              B. friendliness            C. love                     D. sickness

四、单词拼写(共10小题,每小题1分,计10分)

1.    T________ their marriage he had only once seen her cry.

2.    Both France and Germany are E________ countries.

3.    The instructions on the box are too c________ to understand.

4.    Having no children of their own, they decided to a________ an orphan (孤儿).

5.    The government encourages the d________ of small businesses.

6.    Their English ________ (发音) is not good, but it is improving.

7.    Bad planning will lead to ________ (困难) later.

8.    In England you must drive on the o________ side of the road to the rest of Europe.

9.    The film star was a(n) u________ actor a few years ago.

10. He said it would rain, but I d________ with him — I was sure it wouldn't rain.

五、句子转换(共20个空格,每小题0.5分,计10分)

1.    It is likely that he will come to your birthday party.
He is ________ ________ come to your birthday party.

2.    I think trying to stop the couple quarrelling will be of no use.
I think it’s ________ ________ ________ to stop the couple quarrelling.

3.    He has two daughters. One is a nurse and the other is a teacher.
Both of his daughters ________ ________ nurses.

4.    His good knowledge of computer enabled him to find a better job.
His good knowledge of computer made ________ possible for him to find a better job.

5.    It is not necessary for you to worry about your son’s safety.
________ is ________ ________ for you to worry about your son’s safety.

6.    He did not pass the exam because he was careless.
It is ________ ________ his ________ ________ he failed in the exam.

7.    Although he is poor in health, he went on with his research.
________ his poor health, he ________ his research.

8.    It seemed that those people were holding a meeting at that moment.
Those people ________ to ________ ________ a meeting at that moment.

六、完成句子(共20个空格,每小题0.5分,计10分)

1.    每一个单词都查肯定是浪费时间。
­________ ________ every word will certainly be a ________ of time.

2.    事物的发展由内因所决定。
The development of things ________ ________ internal causes.

3.    他们的知识和经验极大地推动了这项工作的进展。
Their knowledge and experience ________ greatly ________ the progress of the work.

4.    澳大利亚英语和美国英语在发音上不同。
The Australian English ________ ________ the American English ________ ________.

5.    1066年,诺蔓人征服了英格兰,并控制了这个国家。
In 1066, the Norman conquered England and ________ ________ of the country.

6.    犯这样错误的人不仅仅是瞎子。
________ ________ not only the blind ________ make such stupid mistakes.

7.    她因为起晚了误了第一班车。
It was ________ he got up late ________ he missed the first bus.

8.    他们似乎已经听说了这件事。
They seemed ________ ________ heard about it.

七、书面表达(计20分)

假如你是红星中学高一(1)班的学生。35是学雷锋日,你班组织了一次帮扶活动。请根据下面四幅图所提供的活动内容和过程写一篇英文短文,为你校校刊英语专栏投稿。短文词数不少于120

       提示词:senior citizens home养老院

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Module 3 Unit 2 Language

单元自测

一、单项填空(共10小题,每小题1分,计10分)

1.  A: How often do you eat out?
B: ________, but usually once a week.
A. Have no idea                                          B. It depends
C. As usual                                                 D. Generally speaking

2.      A: Nancy is not coming tonight.
B: But she ________!
A. promises                 B. promised              C. will promise        D. had promised

3.      It is surprising that ________ Russian can not speak ________ Russian language.
A.
不填; a                  B. a; the                   C. the; 不填           D. a; a

4.      The story of the group traveling in the desert was ________ we had never heard before.

A. that                       B. it                          C. one                     D. the one

5.      There are ten workers there, seven men workers ________.

A. including                B. included               C. containing           D. contained

6.      The water of the river ________ by two feet last night.

A. raised                    B. was raised            C. rose                    D. was risen

7.      The service industry ________ two thirds of the income of the country.

A. is made of                                               B. is made up of
C. makes of                                                 D. makes up

8.      Through their hard work, people of Atlanta finally ________ their fear and doubt caused by the war ________ hope and faith.

A. replaced; with                                          B. replaced; for
C. overcame; with                                        D. overcame; for

9.      Mary smiled _________ her mother did when she was her age.

A. what                       B. that                       C. the way                D. as though

10.  A: ________ did you like his speech?

B: Not bad, but I did not agree with ________ he said.

A. What; that                                               B. How; everything

C. Why; what                                              D. How; anything

二、完形填空(共20小题,每小题1分,计20分)

The eyes are one of the most expressive instruments(工具)of body language. Keith, seventeen, from Montclair New Jersey, learned the hard way about one (1) the eyes can make. “I had a __ (2)_ who graded(打分)heavily on classroom discussion,” Keith says. “He __ (3)__ to have a strong ability to know just when I didn’t have the __ (4)_. I couldn’t imagine how he could be so sharp. Then I understood. __ (5)__ I didn’t know the answer, I would avoid looking at him. When I did know what to __ (6)_, I always stared straight back __ (7)__ him. From that moment on, I __ (8)__ myself to look him in the eyes, __ (9)__ I knew the work or not. That trick has __ (10)__ me a lot of trouble.

Many people, including some policemen, believe eye contact(接触)is a good __ (11)__ of honesty. If someone can’t look at you directly in the eye, then he or she is not playing __ (12)__. After many experiments, __ (13)__, a number of experts have found out that good liars(说谎者)can make false eye contact.

Eye contact, though not a sure sign of honesty, is a clear way to __ (14)__ interest in another person. When a person looks at you and __ (15)__ to do so, you know his __ (16)__ is placed on you. When he __ (17)__ his head away, his mind is probably elsewhere.__ (18)__ there are exceptions. A __ (19)__ person may have trouble making and keeping eye contact, no matter how interested he is in the other person. And certain __ (20)__, such as the British and Germans, are much less oriented to(有意向)eyeball-to-eyeball contact than, say, the French and Arabs.

1.  A. letter                       B. notice                    C. message             D. news

2.      A. student                     B. headmaster           C. friend                   D. teacher

3.      A. seemed                    B. appeared              C. happened             D. took

4.      A. question                   B. problem                C. excuse                 D. answer

5.      A. Whatever                 B. Whenever             C. However             D. Wherever

6.      A. think                         B. say                        C. imagine                D. read

7.      A. from                         B. to                          C. for                       D. at

8.      A. helped                      B. forced                   C. taught                  D. advised

9.      A. when                        B. whether                 C. if                          D. as

10.  A. caused                     B. saved                    C. spent                   D. made

11.  A. lesson                       B. way                      C. chance                 D. test

12.  A. honestly                    B. quickly                  C. correctly              D. really

13.  A. therefore                  B. however                C. so                        D. still

14.  A. increase                    B. express                 C. find                      D. show

15.  A. stops                        B. continues               C. changes               D. hopes

16.  A. attention                   B. spirit                     C. strength                D. energy

17.  A. gets                          B. turns                     C. parts                    B. bows

18.  A. And                          B. Or                        C. But                      D. So

19.  A. brave                       B. shy                        C. stupid                  D. proud

20.  A. nationalities               B. cities                     C. countries              D. languages

三、阅读理解(共10小题,每小题2分,计20分)

A

Perhaps the most famous theory(理论), the study of body movement, was suggested by Professor Ray Birdwhistell. He believes that physical appearance is often culturally programmed. In other words, we learn our looks—we are not born with them. A baby has generally informed face features. A baby, according to Birdwhistell, learns where to set the eyebrows by looking at those around—family and friends. This helps explain why the people of some areas of the United States look so much alike, new Englanders or Southerners have certain common face features that cannot be explained by genetics(遗传学). The exact shape of the mouth is not set at birth, it is learned after. In fact, the final mouth shape is not formed until well after new teeth are set. For many, this can be well into grown-ups. A husband and wife together for a long time often come to look somewhat alike. We learn our looks from those around us. This is perhaps why in a single country area where people smile more than those in other areas. In the United States, for example, the South is the part of the country where the people smile most frequently. In New England they smile less, and in the western part of New York States still less. Many southerners find cities such as New York cold and unfriendly, partly because people on Madison Avenue smile less than people on Peachtree Street in Atlanta, Georgia. People in largely populated areas also smile and greet each other in public less than people in small towns do.

1. Ray Birdwhistell believes that physical appearance ________.
A. has little to do with culture
B. has much to do with culture
C. is ever changing
D. is different from place to place

2. According to the passage, the final mouth shape is formed ________.
A. before birth                                                 B. as soon as one’s teeth are newly set
C. sometime after new teeth are set                  D. around 15 years old

3. Ray Birdwhistell can tell what area of the United States a person is from by ________.
A. how much he or she laughs
B. how he or she raises his or her eyebrows
C. what he or she likes best
D. the way he or she talks

B

Every people uses its special words to describe things and express ideas. Some of these expressions are commonly used for many years. Others are popular for just a short time. One such American expression is “Where’s the beef?” It is used when something is not as good as it is said to be. In the early 1980s “Where’s the beef?” was one of the most popular expressions in the United States. It seemed as if everyone was using it at the time.

Beef, of course, is the meat from a cow and probably no food is more popular in America than a hamburger made from beef. In the 1960s a businessman named Ray Kroc began building small restaurants that sold hamburgers at a low price. Kroc called his restaurants McDonald’s. Kroc cooked hamburgers quickly so people in a hurry could buy and eat them without waiting. By the end of the 1960s the McDonald’s Company was selling hamburgers in hundreds of restaurants from California to Maine. Not surprisingly, Ray Kroc became one of the richest businessmen in America.

Other business people watched his success. Some of them opened their own hamburger restaurants. One company, called Wendy’s, began to compete with McDonald’s or anyone else. The Wendy’s Company created the expression “Where’s the beef?” to make people believe that Wendy’s hamburgers were the biggest. It produced a television advertisement to sell this idea. The Wendy’s television advertisement showed three old women eating hamburgers. The bread that covered the meat was very big, but inside there was only a tiny(极小的) bit of meat. One of the women said she would not eat a hamburger with such a little piece of beef. “Where’s the beef?” she shouted in a funny voice. These advertisements for Wendy’s hamburger restaurants were a success from the first day they appeared on television. As we said, it seemed everyone began using the expression “Where’s the beef?”

1. The expression “Where’s the beef?” means _______.
A. the beef is lost                                             B. something is not as good as described
C. the beef is not as good as it is said to be       D. the food has gone bad

2. Wendy’s made the expression known to everyone by _______.
A. a newspaper                                                B. writing letters to people
C. a notice in front of the restaurant                  D. a TV advertisement

3. Other people wanted to open hamburger restaurants because _______.
A. hamburgers are nice to eat
B. they could sell hamburgers from California to Maine
C. hamburgers are easy to make
D. they thought they could make a lot of money

C

It is true that a smile means the same thing in any language. So does laughter or crying. There are also a number of clear similarities(相似之处)in the way different animals show the same feeling. Dogs and tigers, for example, often show their teeth when they are angry. This is probably because such behavior patterns are inherited(遗传的)rather than learned.

Fear is another emotion that is shown in much the same way all over the world. Whether in Chinese or in English, a sentence like “he went pale and began to tremble(发抖)” suggests that the man is either very afraid or has just had a very terrible shock. However, “he opened his eyes wide” is used to suggest anger in Chinese while in English it expresses surprise. In Chinese, surprise can be described in a phrase like “they put out their tongues”. Putting out your tongue in English is insulting(侮辱)or expresses disgust.

Even in the same culture, people differ in their ability to understand clearly and express feelings. Experiments in America have shown that women are usually better than men at recognizing fear, anger, love and happiness in people’s faces. Disgust, contempt(蔑视)and suffering seem to be the most difficult emotions for people everywhere either to recognize or to express. Other studies have shown that older people usually find it easier to recognize body language than younger people do. And psychologists(心理学家)such as E.G. Beier have also shown that some people often give the completely wrong impression of how they feel. For example, they try to show love but in fact communicate dislike. Or when they want to show interest, they give the impression that they don’t care. This can happen even among close friends and members of the same family. In other words, what we think we are communicating through language, voice, face and boy movements may be the exact opposite(相反)of what other people understand.

1. According to the passage, even in different cultures the most easily recognized emotion is ______.
  A. anger                          B. dislike                   C. happiness             D. surprise

2. Experiments show that easier understanding of words and gesture has something to do with your ______.
  A. age and sex                                                 B. love and cultural differences
  C. impressions about the speaker                     D. emotional state

3. When we communicate with people, ______.
A. we know exactly what they mean while they express their emotions
B. we sometimes misunderstand each other
C. we usually mislead them by expressing the opposite of our feeling
D. it seems much more difficult to understand body language than language

4. The underlined word “disgust” in Paragraph 2 probably means ______.
A. strong dislike              B. friendliness            C. love                     D. sickness

四、单词拼写(共10小题,每小题1分,计10分)

1.    T________ their marriage he had only once seen her cry.

2.    Both France and Germany are E________ countries.

3.    The instructions on the box are too c________ to understand.

4.    Having no children of their own, they decided to a________ an orphan (孤儿).

5.    The government encourages the d________ of small businesses.

6.    Their English ________ (发音) is not good, but it is improving.

7.    Bad planning will lead to ________ (困难) later.

8.    In England you must drive on the o________ side of the road to the rest of Europe.

9.    The film star was a(n) u________ actor a few years ago.

10. He said it would rain, but I d________ with him — I was sure it wouldn't rain.

五、句子转换(共20个空格,每小题0.5分,计10分)

1.    It is likely that he will come to your birthday party.
He is ________ ________ come to your birthday party.

2.    I think trying to stop the couple quarrelling will be of no use.
I think it’s ________ ________ ________ to stop the couple quarrelling.

3.    He has two daughters. One is a nurse and the other is a teacher.
Both of his daughters ________ ________ nurses.

4.    His good knowledge of computer enabled him to find a better job.
His good knowledge of computer made ________ possible for him to find a better job.

5.    It is not necessary for you to worry about your son’s safety.
________ is ________ ________ for you to worry about your son’s safety.

6.    He did not pass the exam because he was careless.
It is ________ ________ his ________ ________ he failed in the exam.

7.    Although he is poor in health, he went on with his research.
________ his poor health, he ________ his research.

8.    It seemed that those people were holding a meeting at that moment.
Those people ________ to ________ ________ a meeting at that moment.

六、完成句子(共20个空格,每小题0.5分,计10分)

1.    每一个单词都查肯定是浪费时间。
­________ ________ every word will certainly be a ________ of time.

2.    事物的发展由内因所决定。
The development of things ________ ________ internal causes.

3.    他们的知识和经验极大地推动了这项工作的进展。
Their knowledge and experience ________ greatly ________ the progress of the work.

4.    澳大利亚英语和美国英语在发音上不同。
The Australian English ________ ________ the American English ________ ________.

5.    1066年,诺蔓人征服了英格兰,并控制了这个国家。
In 1066, the Norman conquered England and ________ ________ of the country.

6.    犯这样错误的人不仅仅是瞎子。
________ ________ not only the blind ________ make such stupid mistakes.

7.    她因为起晚了误了第一班车。
It was ________ he got up late ________ he missed the first bus.

8.    他们似乎已经听说了这件事。
They seemed ________ ________ heard about it.

七、书面表达(计20分)

假如你是红星中学高一(1)班的学生。35是学雷锋日,你班组织了一次帮扶活动。请根据下面四幅图所提供的活动内容和过程写一篇英文短文,为你校校刊英语专栏投稿。短文词数不少于120

       提示词:senior citizens home养老院

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Module 3 Unit 2 Language

单元自测

一、单项填空(共10小题,每小题1分,计10分)

1.  A: How often do you eat out?
B: ________, but usually once a week.
A. Have no idea                                          B. It depends
C. As usual                                                 D. Generally speaking

2.      A: Nancy is not coming tonight.
B: But she ________!
A. promises                 B. promised              C. will promise        D. had promised

3.      It is surprising that ________ Russian can not speak ________ Russian language.
A.
不填; a                  B. a; the                   C. the; 不填           D. a; a

4.      The story of the group traveling in the desert was ________ we had never heard before.

A. that                       B. it                          C. one                     D. the one

5.      There are ten workers there, seven men workers ________.

A. including                B. included               C. containing           D. contained

6.      The water of the river ________ by two feet last night.

A. raised                    B. was raised            C. rose                    D. was risen

7.      The service industry ________ two thirds of the income of the country.

A. is made of                                               B. is made up of
C. makes of                                                 D. makes up

8.      Through their hard work, people of Atlanta finally ________ their fear and doubt caused by the war ________ hope and faith.

A. replaced; with                                          B. replaced; for
C. overcame; with                                        D. overcame; for

9.      Mary smiled _________ her mother did when she was her age.

A. what                       B. that                       C. the way                D. as though

10.  A: ________ did you like his speech?

B: Not bad, but I did not agree with ________ he said.

A. What; that                                               B. How; everything

C. Why; what                                              D. How; anything

二、完形填空(共20小题,每小题1分,计20分)

The eyes are one of the most expressive instruments(工具)of body language. Keith, seventeen, from Montclair New Jersey, learned the hard way about one (1) the eyes can make. “I had a __ (2)_ who graded(打分)heavily on classroom discussion,” Keith says. “He __ (3)__ to have a strong ability to know just when I didn’t have the __ (4)_. I couldn’t imagine how he could be so sharp. Then I understood. __ (5)__ I didn’t know the answer, I would avoid looking at him. When I did know what to __ (6)_, I always stared straight back __ (7)__ him. From that moment on, I __ (8)__ myself to look him in the eyes, __ (9)__ I knew the work or not. That trick has __ (10)__ me a lot of trouble.

Many people, including some policemen, believe eye contact(接触)is a good __ (11)__ of honesty. If someone can’t look at you directly in the eye, then he or she is not playing __ (12)__. After many experiments, __ (13)__, a number of experts have found out that good liars(说谎者)can make false eye contact.

Eye contact, though not a sure sign of honesty, is a clear way to __ (14)__ interest in another person. When a person looks at you and __ (15)__ to do so, you know his __ (16)__ is placed on you. When he __ (17)__ his head away, his mind is probably elsewhere.__ (18)__ there are exceptions. A __ (19)__ person may have trouble making and keeping eye contact, no matter how interested he is in the other person. And certain __ (20)__, such as the British and Germans, are much less oriented to(有意向)eyeball-to-eyeball contact than, say, the French and Arabs.

1.  A. letter                       B. notice                    C. message             D. news

2.      A. student                     B. headmaster           C. friend                   D. teacher

3.      A. seemed                    B. appeared              C. happened             D. took

4.      A. question                   B. problem                C. excuse                 D. answer

5.      A. Whatever                 B. Whenever             C. However             D. Wherever

6.      A. think                         B. say                        C. imagine                D. read

7.      A. from                         B. to                          C. for                       D. at

8.      A. helped                      B. forced                   C. taught                  D. advised

9.      A. when                        B. whether                 C. if                          D. as

10.  A. caused                     B. saved                    C. spent                   D. made

11.  A. lesson                       B. way                      C. chance                 D. test

12.  A. honestly                    B. quickly                  C. correctly              D. really

13.  A. therefore                  B. however                C. so                        D. still

14.  A. increase                    B. express                 C. find                      D. show

15.  A. stops                        B. continues               C. changes               D. hopes

16.  A. attention                   B. spirit                     C. strength                D. energy

17.  A. gets                          B. turns                     C. parts                    B. bows

18.  A. And                          B. Or                        C. But                      D. So

19.  A. brave                       B. shy                        C. stupid                  D. proud

20.  A. nationalities               B. cities                     C. countries              D. languages

三、阅读理解(共10小题,每小题2分,计20分)

A

Perhaps the most famous theory(理论), the study of body movement, was suggested by Professor Ray Birdwhistell. He believes that physical appearance is often culturally programmed. In other words, we learn our looks—we are not born with them. A baby has generally informed face features. A baby, according to Birdwhistell, learns where to set the eyebrows by looking at those around—family and friends. This helps explain why the people of some areas of the United States look so much alike, new Englanders or Southerners have certain common face features that cannot be explained by genetics(遗传学). The exact shape of the mouth is not set at birth, it is learned after. In fact, the final mouth shape is not formed until well after new teeth are set. For many, this can be well into grown-ups. A husband and wife together for a long time often come to look somewhat alike. We learn our looks from those around us. This is perhaps why in a single country area where people smile more than those in other areas. In the United States, for example, the South is the part of the country where the people smile most frequently. In New England they smile less, and in the western part of New York States still less. Many southerners find cities such as New York cold and unfriendly, partly because people on Madison Avenue smile less than people on Peachtree Street in Atlanta, Georgia. People in largely populated areas also smile and greet each other in public less than people in small towns do.

1. Ray Birdwhistell believes that physical appearance ________.
A. has little to do with culture
B. has much to do with culture
C. is ever changing
D. is different from place to place

2. According to the passage, the final mouth shape is formed ________.
A. before birth                                                 B. as soon as one’s teeth are newly set
C. sometime after new teeth are set                  D. around 15 years old

3. Ray Birdwhistell can tell what area of the United States a person is from by ________.
A. how much he or she laughs
B. how he or she raises his or her eyebrows
C. what he or she likes best
D. the way he or she talks

B

Every people uses its special words to describe things and express ideas. Some of these expressions are commonly used for many years. Others are popular for just a short time. One such American expression is “Where’s the beef?” It is used when something is not as good as it is said to be. In the early 1980s “Where’s the beef?” was one of the most popular expressions in the United States. It seemed as if everyone was using it at the time.

Beef, of course, is the meat from a cow and probably no food is more popular in America than a hamburger made from beef. In the 1960s a businessman named Ray Kroc began building small restaurants that sold hamburgers at a low price. Kroc called his restaurants McDonald’s. Kroc cooked hamburgers quickly so people in a hurry could buy and eat them without waiting. By the end of the 1960s the McDonald’s Company was selling hamburgers in hundreds of restaurants from California to Maine. Not surprisingly, Ray Kroc became one of the richest businessmen in America.

Other business people watched his success. Some of them opened their own hamburger restaurants. One company, called Wendy’s, began to compete with McDonald’s or anyone else. The Wendy’s Company created the expression “Where’s the beef?” to make people believe that Wendy’s hamburgers were the biggest. It produced a television advertisement to sell this idea. The Wendy’s television advertisement showed three old women eating hamburgers. The bread that covered the meat was very big, but inside there was only a tiny(极小的) bit of meat. One of the women said she would not eat a hamburger with such a little piece of beef. “Where’s the beef?” she shouted in a funny voice. These advertisements for Wendy’s hamburger restaurants were a success from the first day they appeared on television. As we said, it seemed everyone began using the expression “Where’s the beef?”

1. The expression “Where’s the beef?” means _______.
A. the beef is lost                                             B. something is not as good as described
C. the beef is not as good as it is said to be       D. the food has gone bad

2. Wendy’s made the expression known to everyone by _______.
A. a newspaper                                                B. writing letters to people
C. a notice in front of the restaurant                  D. a TV advertisement

3. Other people wanted to open hamburger restaurants because _______.
A. hamburgers are nice to eat
B. they could sell hamburgers from California to Maine
C. hamburgers are easy to make
D. they thought they could make a lot of money

C

It is true that a smile means the same thing in any language. So does laughter or crying. There are also a number of clear similarities(相似之处)in the way different animals show the same feeling. Dogs and tigers, for example, often show their teeth when they are angry. This is probably because such behavior patterns are inherited(遗传的)rather than learned.

Fear is another emotion that is shown in much the same way all over the world. Whether in Chinese or in English, a sentence like “he went pale and began to tremble(发抖)” suggests that the man is either very afraid or has just had a very terrible shock. However, “he opened his eyes wide” is used to suggest anger in Chinese while in English it expresses surprise. In Chinese, surprise can be described in a phrase like “they put out their tongues”. Putting out your tongue in English is insulting(侮辱)or expresses disgust.

Even in the same culture, people differ in their ability to understand clearly and express feelings. Experiments in America have shown that women are usually better than men at recognizing fear, anger, love and happiness in people’s faces. Disgust, contempt(蔑视)and suffering seem to be the most difficult emotions for people everywhere either to recognize or to express. Other studies have shown that older people usually find it easier to recognize body language than younger people do. And psychologists(心理学家)such as E.G. Beier have also shown that some people often give the completely wrong impression of how they feel. For example, they try to show love but in fact communicate dislike. Or when they want to show interest, they give the impression that they don’t care. This can happen even among close friends and members of the same family. In other words, what we think we are communicating through language, voice, face and boy movements may be the exact opposite(相反)of what other people understand.

1. According to the passage, even in different cultures the most easily recognized emotion is ______.
  A. anger                          B. dislike                   C. happiness             D. surprise

2. Experiments show that easier understanding of words and gesture has something to do with your ______.
  A. age and sex                                                 B. love and cultural differences
  C. impressions about the speaker                     D. emotional state

3. When we communicate with people, ______.
A. we know exactly what they mean while they express their emotions
B. we sometimes misunderstand each other
C. we usually mislead them by expressing the opposite of our feeling
D. it seems much more difficult to understand body language than language

4. The underlined word “disgust” in Paragraph 2 probably means ______.
A. strong dislike              B. friendliness            C. love                     D. sickness

四、单词拼写(共10小题,每小题1分,计10分)

1.    T________ their marriage he had only once seen her cry.

2.    Both France and Germany are E________ countries.

3.    The instructions on the box are too c________ to understand.

4.    Having no children of their own, they decided to a________ an orphan (孤儿).

5.    The government encourages the d________ of small businesses.

6.    Their English ________ (发音) is not good, but it is improving.

7.    Bad planning will lead to ________ (困难) later.

8.    In England you must drive on the o________ side of the road to the rest of Europe.

9.    The film star was a(n) u________ actor a few years ago.

10. He said it would rain, but I d________ with him — I was sure it wouldn't rain.

五、句子转换(共20个空格,每小题0.5分,计10分)

1.    It is likely that he will come to your birthday party.
He is ________ ________ come to your birthday party.

2.    I think trying to stop the couple quarrelling will be of no use.
I think it’s ________ ________ ________ to stop the couple quarrelling.

3.    He has two daughters. One is a nurse and the other is a teacher.
Both of his daughters ________ ________ nurses.

4.    His good knowledge of computer enabled him to find a better job.
His good knowledge of computer made ________ possible for him to find a better job.

5.    It is not necessary for you to worry about your son’s safety.
________ is ________ ________ for you to worry about your son’s safety.

6.    He did not pass the exam because he was careless.
It is ________ ________ his ________ ________ he failed in the exam.

7.    Although he is poor in health, he went on with his research.
________ his poor health, he ________ his research.

8.    It seemed that those people were holding a meeting at that moment.
Those people ________ to ________ ________ a meeting at that moment.

六、完成句子(共20个空格,每小题0.5分,计10分)

1.    每一个单词都查肯定是浪费时间。
­________ ________ every word will certainly be a ________ of time.

2.    事物的发展由内因所决定。
The development of things ________ ________ internal causes.

3.    他们的知识和经验极大地推动了这项工作的进展。
Their knowledge and experience ________ greatly ________ the progress of the work.

4.    澳大利亚英语和美国英语在发音上不同。
The Australian English ________ ________ the American English ________ ________.

5.    1066年,诺蔓人征服了英格兰,并控制了这个国家。
In 1066, the Norman conquered England and ________ ________ of the country.

6.    犯这样错误的人不仅仅是瞎子。
________ ________ not only the blind ________ make such stupid mistakes.

7.    她因为起晚了误了第一班车。
It was ________ he got up late ________ he missed the first bus.

8.    他们似乎已经听说了这件事。
They seemed ________ ________ heard about it.

七、书面表达(计20分)

假如你是红星中学高一(1)班的学生。35是学雷锋日,你班组织了一次帮扶活动。请根据下面四幅图所提供的活动内容和过程写一篇英文短文,为你校校刊英语专栏投稿。短文词数不少于120

       提示词:senior citizens home养老院

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Module 3 Unit 2 Language

单元自测

一、单项填空(共10小题,每小题1分,计10分)

1.  A: How often do you eat out?
B: ________, but usually once a week.
A. Have no idea                                          B. It depends
C. As usual                                                 D. Generally speaking

2.      A: Nancy is not coming tonight.
B: But she ________!
A. promises                 B. promised              C. will promise        D. had promised

3.      It is surprising that ________ Russian can not speak ________ Russian language.
A.
不填; a                  B. a; the                   C. the; 不填           D. a; a

4.      The story of the group traveling in the desert was ________ we had never heard before.

A. that                       B. it                          C. one                     D. the one

5.      There are ten workers there, seven men workers ________.

A. including                B. included               C. containing           D. contained

6.      The water of the river ________ by two feet last night.

A. raised                    B. was raised            C. rose                    D. was risen

7.      The service industry ________ two thirds of the income of the country.

A. is made of                                               B. is made up of
C. makes of                                                 D. makes up

8.      Through their hard work, people of Atlanta finally ________ their fear and doubt caused by the war ________ hope and faith.

A. replaced; with                                          B. replaced; for
C. overcame; with                                        D. overcame; for

9.      Mary smiled _________ her mother did when she was her age.

A. what                       B. that                       C. the way                D. as though

10.  A: ________ did you like his speech?

B: Not bad, but I did not agree with ________ he said.

A. What; that                                               B. How; everything

C. Why; what                                              D. How; anything

二、完形填空(共20小题,每小题1分,计20分)

The eyes are one of the most expressive instruments(工具)of body language. Keith, seventeen, from Montclair New Jersey, learned the hard way about one (1) the eyes can make. “I had a __ (2)_ who graded(打分)heavily on classroom discussion,” Keith says. “He __ (3)__ to have a strong ability to know just when I didn’t have the __ (4)_. I couldn’t imagine how he could be so sharp. Then I understood. __ (5)__ I didn’t know the answer, I would avoid looking at him. When I did know what to __ (6)_, I always stared straight back __ (7)__ him. From that moment on, I __ (8)__ myself to look him in the eyes, __ (9)__ I knew the work or not. That trick has __ (10)__ me a lot of trouble.

Many people, including some policemen, believe eye contact(接触)is a good __ (11)__ of honesty. If someone can’t look at you directly in the eye, then he or she is not playing __ (12)__. After many experiments, __ (13)__, a number of experts have found out that good liars(说谎者)can make false eye contact.

Eye contact, though not a sure sign of honesty, is a clear way to __ (14)__ interest in another person. When a person looks at you and __ (15)__ to do so, you know his __ (16)__ is placed on you. When he __ (17)__ his head away, his mind is probably elsewhere.__ (18)__ there are exceptions. A __ (19)__ person may have trouble making and keeping eye contact, no matter how interested he is in the other person. And certain __ (20)__, such as the British and Germans, are much less oriented to(有意向)eyeball-to-eyeball contact than, say, the French and Arabs.

1.  A. letter                       B. notice                    C. message             D. news

2.      A. student                     B. headmaster           C. friend                   D. teacher

3.      A. seemed                    B. appeared              C. happened             D. took

4.      A. question                   B. problem                C. excuse                 D. answer

5.      A. Whatever                 B. Whenever             C. However             D. Wherever

6.      A. think                         B. say                        C. imagine                D. read

7.      A. from                         B. to                          C. for                       D. at

8.      A. helped                      B. forced                   C. taught                  D. advised

9.      A. when                        B. whether                 C. if                          D. as

10.  A. caused                     B. saved                    C. spent                   D. made

11.  A. lesson                       B. way                      C. chance                 D. test

12.  A. honestly                    B. quickly                  C. correctly              D. really

13.  A. therefore                  B. however                C. so                        D. still

14.  A. increase                    B. express                 C. find                      D. show

15.  A. stops                        B. continues               C. changes               D. hopes

16.  A. attention                   B. spirit                     C. strength                D. energy

17.  A. gets                          B. turns                     C. parts                    B. bows

18.  A. And                          B. Or                        C. But                      D. So

19.  A. brave                       B. shy                        C. stupid                  D. proud

20.  A. nationalities               B. cities                     C. countries              D. languages

三、阅读理解(共10小题,每小题2分,计20分)

A

Perhaps the most famous theory(理论), the study of body movement, was suggested by Professor Ray Birdwhistell. He believes that physical appearance is often culturally programmed. In other words, we learn our looks—we are not born with them. A baby has generally informed face features. A baby, according to Birdwhistell, learns where to set the eyebrows by looking at those around—family and friends. This helps explain why the people of some areas of the United States look so much alike, new Englanders or Southerners have certain common face features that cannot be explained by genetics(遗传学). The exact shape of the mouth is not set at birth, it is learned after. In fact, the final mouth shape is not formed until well after new teeth are set. For many, this can be well into grown-ups. A husband and wife together for a long time often come to look somewhat alike. We learn our looks from those around us. This is perhaps why in a single country area where people smile more than those in other areas. In the United States, for example, the South is the part of the country where the people smile most frequently. In New England they smile less, and in the western part of New York States still less. Many southerners find cities such as New York cold and unfriendly, partly because people on Madison Avenue smile less than people on Peachtree Street in Atlanta, Georgia. People in largely populated areas also smile and greet each other in public less than people in small towns do.

1. Ray Birdwhistell believes that physical appearance ________.
A. has little to do with culture
B. has much to do with culture
C. is ever changing
D. is different from place to place

2. According to the passage, the final mouth shape is formed ________.
A. before birth                                                 B. as soon as one’s teeth are newly set
C. sometime after new teeth are set                  D. around 15 years old

3. Ray Birdwhistell can tell what area of the United States a person is from by ________.
A. how much he or she laughs
B. how he or she raises his or her eyebrows
C. what he or she likes best
D. the way he or she talks

B

Every people uses its special words to describe things and express ideas. Some of these expressions are commonly used for many years. Others are popular for just a short time. One such American expression is “Where’s the beef?” It is used when something is not as good as it is said to be. In the early 1980s “Where’s the beef?” was one of the most popular expressions in the United States. It seemed as if everyone was using it at the time.

Beef, of course, is the meat from a cow and probably no food is more popular in America than a hamburger made from beef. In the 1960s a businessman named Ray Kroc began building small restaurants that sold hamburgers at a low price. Kroc called his restaurants McDonald’s. Kroc cooked hamburgers quickly so people in a hurry could buy and eat them without waiting. By the end of the 1960s the McDonald’s Company was selling hamburgers in hundreds of restaurants from California to Maine. Not surprisingly, Ray Kroc became one of the richest businessmen in America.

Other business people watched his success. Some of them opened their own hamburger restaurants. One company, called Wendy’s, began to compete with McDonald’s or anyone else. The Wendy’s Company created the expression “Where’s the beef?” to make people believe that Wendy’s hamburgers were the biggest. It produced a television advertisement to sell this idea. The Wendy’s television advertisement showed three old women eating hamburgers. The bread that covered the meat was very big, but inside there was only a tiny(极小的) bit of meat. One of the women said she would not eat a hamburger with such a little piece of beef. “Where’s the beef?” she shouted in a funny voice. These advertisements for Wendy’s hamburger restaurants were a success from the first day they appeared on television. As we said, it seemed everyone began using the expression “Where’s the beef?”

1. The expression “Where’s the beef?” means _______.
A. the beef is lost                                             B. something is not as good as described
C. the beef is not as good as it is said to be       D. the food has gone bad

2. Wendy’s made the expression known to everyone by _______.
A. a newspaper                                                B. writing letters to people
C. a notice in front of the restaurant                  D. a TV advertisement

3. Other people wanted to open hamburger restaurants because _______.
A. hamburgers are nice to eat
B. they could sell hamburgers from California to Maine
C. hamburgers are easy to make
D. they thought they could make a lot of money

C

It is true that a smile means the same thing in any language. So does laughter or crying. There are also a number of clear similarities(相似之处)in the way different animals show the same feeling. Dogs and tigers, for example, often show their teeth when they are angry. This is probably because such behavior patterns are inherited(遗传的)rather than learned.

Fear is another emotion that is shown in much the same way all over the world. Whether in Chinese or in English, a sentence like “he went pale and began to tremble(发抖)” suggests that the man is either very afraid or has just had a very terrible shock. However, “he opened his eyes wide” is used to suggest anger in Chinese while in English it expresses surprise. In Chinese, surprise can be described in a phrase like “they put out their tongues”. Putting out your tongue in English is insulting(侮辱)or expresses disgust.

Even in the same culture, people differ in their ability to understand clearly and express feelings. Experiments in America have shown that women are usually better than men at recognizing fear, anger, love and happiness in people’s faces. Disgust, contempt(蔑视)and suffering seem to be the most difficult emotions for people everywhere either to recognize or to express. Other studies have shown that older people usually find it easier to recognize body language than younger people do. And psychologists(心理学家)such as E.G. Beier have also shown that some people often give the completely wrong impression of how they feel. For example, they try to show love but in fact communicate dislike. Or when they want to show interest, they give the impression that they don’t care. This can happen even among close friends and members of the same family. In other words, what we think we are communicating through language, voice, face and boy movements may be the exact opposite(相反)of what other people understand.

1. According to the passage, even in different cultures the most easily recognized emotion is ______.
  A. anger                          B. dislike                   C. happiness             D. surprise

2. Experiments show that easier understanding of words and gesture has something to do with your ______.
  A. age and sex                                                 B. love and cultural differences
  C. impressions about the speaker                     D. emotional state

3. When we communicate with people, ______.
A. we know exactly what they mean while they express their emotions
B. we sometimes misunderstand each other
C. we usually mislead them by expressing the opposite of our feeling
D. it seems much more difficult to understand body language than language

4. The underlined word “disgust” in Paragraph 2 probably means ______.
A. strong dislike              B. friendliness            C. love                     D. sickness

四、单词拼写(共10小题,每小题1分,计10分)

1.    T________ their marriage he had only once seen her cry.

2.    Both France and Germany are E________ countries.

3.    The instructions on the box are too c________ to understand.

4.    Having no children of their own, they decided to a________ an orphan (孤儿).

5.    The government encourages the d________ of small businesses.

6.    Their English ________ (发音) is not good, but it is improving.

7.    Bad planning will lead to ________ (困难) later.

8.    In England you must drive on the o________ side of the road to the rest of Europe.

9.    The film star was a(n) u________ actor a few years ago.

10. He said it would rain, but I d________ with him — I was sure it wouldn't rain.

五、句子转换(共20个空格,每小题0.5分,计10分)

1.    It is likely that he will come to your birthday party.
He is ________ ________ come to your birthday party.

2.    I think trying to stop the couple quarrelling will be of no use.
I think it’s ________ ________ ________ to stop the couple quarrelling.

3.    He has two daughters. One is a nurse and the other is a teacher.
Both of his daughters ________ ________ nurses.

4.    His good knowledge of computer enabled him to find a better job.
His good knowledge of computer made ________ possible for him to find a better job.

5.    It is not necessary for you to worry about your son’s safety.
________ is ________ ________ for you to worry about your son’s safety.

6.    He did not pass the exam because he was careless.
It is ________ ________ his ________ ________ he failed in the exam.

7.    Although he is poor in health, he went on with his research.
________ his poor health, he ________ his research.

8.    It seemed that those people were holding a meeting at that moment.
Those people ________ to ________ ________ a meeting at that moment.

六、完成句子(共20个空格,每小题0.5分,计10分)

1.    每一个单词都查肯定是浪费时间。
­________ ________ every word will certainly be a ________ of time.

2.    事物的发展由内因所决定。
The development of things ________ ________ internal causes.

3.    他们的知识和经验极大地推动了这项工作的进展。
Their knowledge and experience ________ greatly ________ the progress of the work.

4.    澳大利亚英语和美国英语在发音上不同。
The Australian English ________ ________ the American English ________ ________.

5.    1066年,诺蔓人征服了英格兰,并控制了这个国家。
In 1066, the Norman conquered England and ________ ________ of the country.

6.    犯这样错误的人不仅仅是瞎子。
________ ________ not only the blind ________ make such stupid mistakes.

7.    她因为起晚了误了第一班车。
It was ________ he got up late ________ he missed the first bus.

8.    他们似乎已经听说了这件事。
They seemed ________ ________ heard about it.

七、书面表达(计20分)

假如你是红星中学高一(1)班的学生。35是学雷锋日,你班组织了一次帮扶活动。请根据下面四幅图所提供的活动内容和过程写一篇英文短文,为你校校刊英语专栏投稿。短文词数不少于120

       提示词:senior citizens home养老院

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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